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Free Trade Agreements of Australia

Free Trade Agreements of Australia: What You Need to Know

Free trade agreements (FTAs) have become an increasingly important part of international trade, allowing countries to establish more open and transparent trading relationships with each other. Australia has been a major player in this global trend, signing a number of free trade agreements with other countries in recent years. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what free trade agreements are, why they matter, and some of the key FTAs that Australia has signed.

What are Free Trade Agreements?

At its most basic level, a free trade agreement is a pact between two or more countries that allows for the free flow of goods and services between them. This typically involves the removal of tariffs and other trade barriers, as well as the establishment of rules governing the trade relationship. FTAs can take many different forms, with varying levels of complexity and scope.

Why Do Free Trade Agreements Matter?

Free trade agreements can have a number of advantages for participating countries. For example, they can help to open up new markets for exports, reduce the cost of imported goods, and stimulate economic growth. FTAs can also help to promote greater cooperation between countries, leading to closer political and cultural ties. However, there are also some potential downsides to free trade agreements, such as the impact they can have on certain industries and the potential for trade imbalances.

Free Trade Agreements of Australia

Australia has been an active participant in the global trend towards free trade agreements, signing a number of important pacts in recent years. Some of the key FTAs involving Australia include:

1. The Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) – signed in 2004, this agreement created a free trade area between the two countries, covering goods and services, intellectual property, and investment.

2. The Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA) – signed in 1983, this agreement has been expanded over the years to cover a wide range of goods and services.

3. The Korea-Australia Free Trade Agreement (KAFTA) – signed in 2014, this agreement provides significant benefits for Australian exporters to Korea, particularly in the areas of agriculture, mining, and professional services.

4. The China-Australia Free Trade Agreement (ChAFTA) – signed in 2015, this agreement provides improved access for Australian exporters to the huge Chinese market, particularly in the areas of agriculture, resources, and services.

5. The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) – signed in 2016, this agreement is a multilateral trade pact involving 11 countries, including Australia. Although the United States withdrew from the agreement in 2017, the remaining countries are still pursuing the deal.


Free trade agreements have become an important part of the global trade landscape, and Australia has been an active participant in this trend. By signing FTAs with key trading partners, Australia has been able to expand its export markets, reduce the cost of imported goods, and promote closer ties with other countries. However, the impact of free trade agreements can vary depending on the specific industry and country involved, and it is important to carefully consider the potential benefits and risks before entering into such agreements.